A lot of people are not aware of this useful and handy tool from Microsoft that allows you to increase the performance of your computer. Disk Defragging sounds like a complicated term but the concept behind it is actually quite simple.
If you imagine a hard drive, inside there are circular disks and when you save data, your drive grabs a random part of the disk and writes the data into it. The drive then indexes the physical location of that hard drive onto a file that your operating system uses to know what is stored where. The only issue with this is that by design, hard drives are not programmed to follow any specific order or sequence on a drive and usually writes data in random spots. Over time this means that random parts of data are in no logical order and thus Windows has to spend more time searching the index in order to find the data.
For example using the search function on your Windows PC, or when you are trying to open a file. Windows has to locate where that file is by searching through the index of data in order to find the information you are looking for. This slows down the performance of your PC because it is trying to find what it needs to find in an inefficient way.
Disk defragging is a method used to look through the index and ensure that any data stored is indexed in the best possible way in order for Windows to be able to find data on your files quickly and efficiently. It is a very simple thing to do from a user perspective, here are the steps to take in order to defrag your drive and improve your performance.
Go to Start and type in “Disk Defrag” and press Enter
Select your drive and click Analyse, this will basically analyse your drive’s data and index and then calculate whether the drive needs defragging. This may take a while depending on your system’s CPU and general performance.
Once Windows has analysed your drive, you can then select Optimize and it will start to defrag your drive.
This may take several hours so it may be a good idea to do this before you go to bed and let it run through the night, once it has completed you can simply close the utility. Hopefully you will find that the performance of your computer improves slightly. Every bit of performance helps after all and for just a few clicks, this little utility is totally worth it.